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Bahrain Bird Report Bahrain Birding in Kuwait

Bird Monitoring and Protection Team (BMAPT)

 

At the Kuwait Environment Protection Society (KEPS)

 

ANNUAL REPORT    2001

 


CONTENTS

 

Membership and Contacts                                                              Page   2

The Year 2001                                                                                   Page   4

The Need for Bird Monitoring and Protection in Kuwait               Page   5

The Kuwait Bird List                                                                         Page   7

The Commoner Species of Birds                                                   Page   9

The Vagrant Species of Birds                                                         Page   22

The Species of Birds Requiring Confirmation                               Page   23

The Species of Birds of Captive Origin                                         Page   25

Notes on Selected Bird Species in the Year 2001                       Page   26

Recent Bibliography                                                                         Page   47


MEMBERSHIP AND CONTACTS

 

Board of Directors

 

 

 

 

Chairman:

 

Khalid Al-Nasrallah

Deputy Chairman and Bird Recorder:

Mahmoud Shihab

Secretary:

 

George Gregory

Liason Officer:

 

Abdalla Al-Fadhel

 

 

 

 

 

 

Kuwait-Based Members

 

 

 

 

Shaikha Amthal Al-Ahmed Al-Jaber Al-Sabah

 

Abdalla Al-Fadhel

abdallaaa@hotmail.com

Mish'al Al-Jeriwi

mishal@kuwaitbirds.com

Fahad Al-Mansori

info@kuwaitbirds.com

Khalid Al-Nasrallah

khalid@kuwaitbirds.com

Abdul-Muhsen Al-Suraye’a

 

Andrew Bailey

Andrew.Bailey@kw.britishcouncil.org

Mark Chichester

MChichester@chevrontexaco.com

Guillaume Dallemagne

guidal@qualitynet.net

George Gregory

ggoldie51@hotmail.com

Eisa Ramadan

ramedan57@yahoo.com

Peter Robertson

probertson1945@hotmail.com

Mahmoud Shihab

mahmoud@kuwaitbirds.com

 

 

Overseas-Based Members

 

 

 

 

Jeremy Gaskell

impennis44@hotmail.com

Stan Howe

SHoweMBOU@aol.com

John Middleton

johnmiddleton@bmarket.freeserve.co.uk

Gunhild Ostero

gun@udlst.dk

Mike Reed

 

Gavin Rowlands

growlands@stavangeroilfield.slb.com

Ole and Solveig Schroder

Soes.schroeder@get2net.dk

Graeme Wright

graeme.wright@parkhr.com

 

 

Bird Records Committee

 

 

 

 

Bird Recorder:

Mahmoud Shihab

Secretary:

George Gregory

Other Members:

Mish’al Al-Jeriwi

 

 

Khalid Al-Nasrallah

 

 

Abdul-Muhsen Al-Suraye’a

 

 

Andrew Bailey

 

 

Eisa Ramadan





 


Communications With The Team

 

All communications with the team, including records of the occurrence and breeding of the commoner and vagrant species of birds,, descriptions of the vagrant species of birds, and notice of intended visits to Kuwait should be addressed to:

 

Khalid Al-Nasrallah, Chairman, BMAPT

 

post:              P.O.Box 1896, Safat 13019, KUWAIT

tel:                  (965) 484 8256

pager:            960 6799

fax:                 (965) 483 7856

 

and/or George Gregory, Secretary, BMAPT

 

post:              KES, PO Box 8640, Salmiya 22057, KUWAIT

tel:                  (965) 565 5216 (leave message)

fax:                 (965) 562 9356 (clearly address to Mr. G. Gregory)

email:             ggoldie51@hotmail.com


THE YEAR 2001

The year 2001 saw further developments in the fields of bird monitoring and protection in Kuwait.

During the year:

BMAPT transferred its base to the headquarters of KEPS in Shuwaikh;

BMAPT published the Second, then the Third Editions of the Kuwait Bird List, on its website;

BMAPT sent all available omithological data to the OSME Library;

BMAPT and other bodies were involved in environmental clean-up operations at a number of coastal and inland sites;

Several bird species were proved to breed in Kuwait for the first time, namely Little Crake, White-breasted Kingfisher, Bank Mynah, Short-toed Lark and Lesser Short-toed Lark;

Other important breeding records were of Greater Sand Plover, White-winged Black Tern, Grey Heron, Western Reef Heron, Yellow-throated Sparrow and Spanish Sparrow;

Improvements in the management of the National Park led to important changes in bird life there; fencing of more oil fields resulted in further protection of birds there from shooting and disturbance.

Greater coverage of previously known areas, and visits to new areas, resulted in an increase in bird records during the year.

This annual report, the second for Kuwait, demonstrates the increasing influence and effectiveness of BMAPT in the fields of bird monitoring and protection.


THE NEED FOR BIRD MONITORING           AND PROTECTION IN KUWAIT

Bird populations are being monitored in Kuwait to find out if human activities or environmental changes are affecting them.

The most common breeding birds in Kuwait are House Sparrow, Laughing Dove, White-cheeked Bulbul, Common Mynah and Feral Pigeon. These species have increased in numbers because the greening of Kuwait has provided food and habitat for them.

Many species pass through Kuwait on spring and autumn migration because it is at a crossroads of migration routes between breeding grounds in Asia and winter quarters in southern Arabia, Africa and the Indian subcontinent. The most common migrant landbirds are the Swift, Bee-eater, Blue-cheeked bee-eater, short-toed Lark, sand Martin, Wheatear, Chiffchaff and Willow Warbler.

Mud-flats around the coast are important resting and feeding areas for migrant herons, egrets, waders, gulls and terns. A number of reedbeds, freshwater pools, sewage outfalls and flooded sabkha areas are used by migrant waterside birds.

Birds arriving in Kuwait for the winter include White Wagtail, Robin, Bluethroat, Song Thrush and Desert Warbler.

Some birds, such as the Greater Flamingo, Barn Owl and Ring-necked Parakeet, can be found in Kuwait in various seasons without necessarily breeding.

Kuwait’s small islands are important because they support breeding colonies of seabirds such as Swift Tern, Lesser Crested Tern, White-cheeked Tern and Bridled Tern.

Bird populations in Kuwait have completely recovered from the environmental damage at the end of the Iraqi occupation, and some have increased. The main threat to birds in Kuwait now, are overgrazing, shooting, disturbance, building and oil lakes.

Overgrazing reduces both plants and animal food for birds, and removes shelter for nests and roosting birds.

Shooting is mainly for sport, although some birds, such as Turtle Dove and Barred Warbler, are eaten as delicacies. The species most commonly shot in Kuwait are Turtle Dove, Bee-eater, Blue-cheeked Bee-eater and Swallow. Significant numbers of locally uncommon species, such as Grey Hypocolius, Yellow-throated Sparrow, Lesser Kestrel and White-breasted Kingfisher, are also shot, as well as large numbers of other species.

Disturbance by camping and other activities is now prevented by the Public Authority for Agricultural Affairs and Fish Resources and the Environmental Public Authority in the National Park and at the Nature Reserves at Jahra Pool and at Doha.

The security fencing and various oil fields by the Kuwait Oil Company has stopped grazing, shooting and most disturbance there, and has effectively created very large nature reserves where vegetation is regenerating naturally.

Building sometimes creates habitats for birds to nest or roost on, but chalet-building along the coastline prevents the breeding of Kentish Plover and possibly of other species.

The Kuwait Oil Company has recently announced that almost all of the oil lakes in Burgan oil field will be covered over. However, others remain, for example at Bahra, where many birds die by being trapped in oil.

The establishment of more nature reserves, control of shooting, education and publicity to increase public awareness are the best ways of safeguarding Kuwait’s birds.


THE KUWAIT BIRD LIST
(Third Edition)

 

The Kuwait Bird List has been divided, for present convenience, into:

The Commoner Species of Birds, the Vagrant Species of Birds, the Species of Birds Requiring Confirmation and the Species of Birds of Captive Origin.

 

Both of these are analyses of the records of Ahmadi Nat. Hist. and Field Studies Group,
S. Al-Ahmadi, M. Al-Jeriwi, F. Al-Mansori, K. Al-Nasrallah,
Shaikha A. Al-Sabah, A. Al-Suraye’a, A. Bailey, W. Bindl, R. P. Blacker, G. Bundy,
H-M. Busch, A. Caldwell,R.E. Cheeseman, M. O. Chichester, D. A. Clayton, N. Cleere,
P. Cowan, P. Z. Cox, A. J. Crease, A. Cross, G. Dallemagne, H.R.P. Dickson,
V. Dickson, M. Evans, P. Fraser, J. Gaskell, G. Gregory, P.R. Haynes, S. Holliday,
P. A. D. Hollom, S. Howe, A. Lange, F. Lange, R. Meinertzhagen, J. Middleton,
N. Montfort, Nat. Hist. Mus. Tring, M. Newhouse, D. L. Newman, G. Ostero,
C. W. T. Pilcher, E. Ramadan, P. H. Rathbone, J. Rathgeber-Knan,
M. Reed, P. Robertson, A. Ross, G. Rowlands, L. Sager, V. A. D. Sales,
O. and S. Schroder, R. Seargent, J. Shaw, M. Shihab, S. T. Spencer, W. A. Stuart,
B. Thomas, C. B. Ticehurst, A. Tye, G. Walker, F. E. Warr, J. Webb, R. Williams,
G. Wright, and Anon,  published in a wide variety of sources.

 

Particular thanks must go to the OSME librarian, Ray Daniel, the ABBA Co-ordinator, Michael Jennings, the former Kuwait Bird Recorder, Effie Warr and the former Chairman  of the Ahmadi Natural History and Field Studies Group, Stanley Howe for their help in making records accessible. Thanks must also go to the National Commission for Wildlife Conservation and Development in Riyadh, whose sponsorship of ABBA enables such work to continue.

 

The work of Gavin Rowlands, David Hellam and Zainab Khalil in formatting versions of this list is gratefully acknowledged.

 

The Kuwait Bird List has not been easy to compile, due to loss, destruction and inaccessibility of records, nor is it immutable, and BMAPT would welcome any comments, suggested changes or constructive criticism concerning the list so that it can be kept up to date and accurate. The list, of course, is constantly changing, as every year brings new data and new discoveries about Kuwait's birds.

 

 


THE COMMONER SPECIES OF BIRDS

The Commoner Species of Birds are those species which are judged to have occurred at least 10 times in total.

Seasonal Status

The seasonal status of each species is judged to be one of the following categories:

Abundant:

occurs annually in very large numbers (10,000+)

Very Common

occurs annually in large numbers (1,000 – 9,999)

Common:

occurs annually in moderate numbers (100 – 999)

Uncommon:

occurs annually in small numbers (10 – 99)

Scarce:

occurs annually in very small numbers (1-9)

Rare:

does not occur annually

 


 

 

Common Name

Scientific Name

Status

Little Grebe

Tachybaptus ruficollis

Scarce winter visitor. Scarce passage migrant. Rare summer visitor. Has bred.

Great Crested Grebe

Podiceps cristatus

Scarce winter visitor. Scarce passage migrant.

Black-necked Grebe

Podiceps nigricollis

Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.

Cormorant

Phalacrocorax carbo

Very common winter visitor. Very common passage migrant.

Socotra Cormorant

Phalacrocorax nigrogularis

Uncommon disperser in spring, summer and autumn. Has bred.

White Pelican

Pelecanus onocrotalus

Rare disperser in all seasons. Has bred.

Dalmatian Pelican

Pelecanus crispus

Rare disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

Bittern

Botaurus stellaris

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Little Bittern

Ixobrychus minutus

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare summer visitor. Rare winter visitor. Has bred.

Night Heron

Nycticorax nycticorax

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare summer visitor. Rare winter visitor. Has bred.

Squacco Heron

Ardeola ralloides

Common passage migrant. Rare summer visitor. Rare winter visitor.

Cattle Egret

Bubulcus ibis

Uncommon disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

Western Reef Heron

Egretta gularis

Very common winter visitor. Common resident. Has bred.

Little Egret

Egretta garzetta

Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.

Great White Egret

Egretta alba

Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Grey Heron

Ardea cinerea

Very common winter visitor. Common passage migrant.  Uncommon resident. Has bred.

Purple Heron

Ardea purpurea

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare summer visitor.

White Stork

Ciconia ciconia

Scarce passage migrant.

Glossy Ibis

Plegadis falcinellus

Uncommon passage migrant.

Spoonbill

Platalea leucorodia

Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor. Rare summer visitor. Has bred.

Greater Flamingo

Phoenicopterus ruber

Very common winter visitor. Common passage migrant. Common resident. Has bred.

White-fronted Goose

Anser albifrons

Rare winter visitor.

Greylag Goose

Anser anser

Rare winter visitor.

Ruddy Shelduck

Tadorna ferruginea

Rare passage migrant and winter visitor.

Shelduck

Tadorna tadorna

Uncommon winter visitor. Uncommon passage migrant.

Wigeon

Anas penelope

Uncommon winter visitor. Uncommon passage migrant.

Gadwall

Anas strepera

Uncommon winter visitor. Uncommon passage migrant.

Teal

Anas crecca

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Mallard

Anas platyrhynchos

Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.

Pintail

Anas acuta

Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Garganey

Anas querquedula

Common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Shoveler

Anas clypeata

Uncommon winter visitor. Uncommon passage migrant.

Marbled Teal

Marmaronetta angustirostris

Rare disperser in all seasons.

Pochard

Aythya ferina

Uncommon winter visitor. Rare passage migrant.

Ferruginous Duck

Aythya nyroca

Rare passage migrant and winter visitor.

Tufted Duck

Aythya fuligula

Uncommon winter visitor. Uncommon passage migrant.

Honey Buzzard

Pernis apivorus

Uncommon passage migrant.

Black Kite

Milvus migrans

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Egyptian Vulture

Neophron percnopterus

Uncommon passage migrant.

Griffon Vulture

Gyps fulvus

Scarce disperser in spring, autumn and winter.

Black Vulture

Aegypius monachus

Rare disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

Short-toed Eagle

Circaetus gallicus

Uncommon passage migrant.

Marsh Harrier

Circus aeruginosus

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor. Rare summer visitor.

Hen Harrier

Circus cyaneus

Rare passage migrant and winter visitor.

Pallid Harrier

Circus macrourus

Common passage migrant.

Montagu’s Harrier

Circus pygargus

Uncommon passage migrant.

Goshawk

Accipiter gentilis

Rare passage migrant and winter visitor.

Sparrowhawk

Accipiter nisus

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Shikra

Accipiter badius

Rare passage migrant and winter visitor.

Levant Sparrowhawk

Accipiter brevipes

Scarce passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Buzzard

Buteo buteo

Very common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Long-legged Buzzard

Buteo rufinus

Common passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.

Lesser Spotted Eagle

Aquila pomarina

Rare passage migrant.

Spotted Eagle

Aquila clanga

Common passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.

Steppe Eagle

Aquila nipalensis

Very common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Eastern Imperial Eagle

Aquila heliaca

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Golden Eagle

Aquila chrysaetos

Rare disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

Booted Eagle

Hieraaetus pennatus

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Bonelli’s Eagle

Hieraaetus fasciatus

Rare disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

Osprey

Pandion haliaetus

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Lesser Kestrel

Falco naumanni

Very common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Kestrel

Falco tinnunculus

Common passage migrant. Common winter visitor. Uncommon resident. Has bred.

Merlin

Falco columbarius

Rare winter visitor. Rare passage migrant.

Hobby

Falco subbuteo

Common passage migrant.

Lanner

Falco biarmicus

Rare disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

Saker

Falco cherrug

Rare passage migrant and winter visitor.

Peregrine

Falco peregrinus

Rare disperser in all seasons. Rare resident.

Barbary Falcon

Falco pelegrinoides

Rare disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

Quail

Coturnix coturnix

Common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor. Rare summer visitor.

Water Rail

Rallus aquaticus

Uncommon winter visitor. Uncommon passage migrant.

Spotted Crake

Porzana porzana

Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.

Little Crake

Porzana parva

Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Has bred.

Baillon’s Crake

Porzana pusilla

Scarce passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Corncrake

Crex crex

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Moorhen

Gallinula chloropus

Common resident. Uncommon winter visitor. Breeds.

Purple Gallinule

Porphyrio porphyrio

Rare resident and disperser in all seasons. Has bred.

Coot

Fulica atra

Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Rare resident. Has bred.

Common Crane

Grus grus

Rare winter visitor and passage migrant.

Demoiselle Crane

Anthropoides virgo

Rare passage migrant.

Houbara Bustard

Chlamydotis undulata

Rare passage migrant. Rare winter visitor. Rare summer visitor. Has bred.

Oystercatcher

Haematopus ostralegus

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Rare summer visitor.

Black-winged Stilt

Himantopus himantopus

Common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor. Has bred.

Houbara Bustard



Chlamydotis undulata



Rare passage migrant. Rare winter visitor. Has bred.



Oystercatcher



Haematopus ostralegus



Common winter visitor. Common passage migrant. Rare summer visitor.



Black-winged Stilt



Himanoptus himanoptus



Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor. Rare summer visitor. Has bred.



Avocet

Recurvirostra avosetta

Uncommon winter visitor. Uncommon passage migrant. Rare summer visitor.

Crab Plover

Dromas ardeola

Common winter visitor. Uncommon resident. Has bred.

Stone Curlew

Burhinus oedicnemus

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Cream-coloured Courser

Cursorius cursor

Common passage migrant. Uncommon resident. Breeds.

Collared Pratincole

Glareola pratincola

Common passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor.

Black-winged Pratincole

Glareola nordmanni

Uncommon passage migrant.

Little Ringed Plover

Charadrius dubius

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor. Rare summer visitor.

Ringed Plover

Charadrius hiaticula

Common passage migrant. Common winter visitor. Rare summer visitor.

Kentish Plover

Charadrius alexandrinus

Very common resident. Breeds.

Lesser Sand Plover

Charadrius mongolus

Very common passage migrant. Common winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor.

Greater Sand Plover

Charadrius leschenaultii

Very common passage migrant. Very common winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor. Has bred.

Caspian Plover

Charadrius asiaticus

Common passage migrant.

Dotterel

Charadrius morinellus

Rare passage migrant and winter visitor.

Pacific Golden Plover

Pluvialis fulva

Scarce passage migrant and winter visitor.

Grey Plover

Pluvialis squatarola

Common winter visitor. Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor.

Red-wattled Plover

Hoplopterus indicus

Rare disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

Sociable Plover

Chettusia gregaria

Rare disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

White-tailed Plover

Chettusia leucura

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Lapwing

Vanellus vanellus

Scarce winter visitor and passage migrant.

Sanderling

Calidris alba

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Little Stint

Calidris minuta

Very common passage migrant. Common winter visitor.

Temminck’s Stint

Calidris temminckii

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Curlew Sandpiper

Calidris ferruginea

Common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor. Rare summer visitor.

Dunlin

Calidris alpina

Very common passage migrant. Common winter visitor. Rare summer visitor.

Broad-billed Sandpiper

Limicola falcipennis

Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Ruff

Philomachus pugnax

Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor. Rare summer visitor.

Jack Snipe

Lymnocryptes minimus

Scarce passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Snipe

Gallinago gallinago

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Great Snipe

Gallinago media

Rare passage migrant.

Black-tailed Godwit

Limosa limosa

Common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Bar-tailed Godwit

Limosa lapponica

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Whimbrel

Numenius phaeopus

Common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Curlew

Numenius arquata

Very common winter visitor. Common passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor.

Spotted Redshank

Tringa erythropus

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Redshank

Tringa totanus

Very common passage migrant. Very common winter visitor.

Marsh Sandpiper

Tringa stagnatilis

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Greenshank

Tringa nebularia

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Green Sandpiper

Tringa ochropus

Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Wood Sandpiper

Tringa glareola

Common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Terek Sandpiper

Xenus cinereus

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Common Sandpiper

Actitis hypoleucos

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Turnstone

Arenaria interpres

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Red-necked Phalarope

Phalaropus lobatus

Common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Pomarine Skua

Stercorarius pomarinus

Common passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor. Rare winter visitor.

Arctic Skua

Stercorarius parasiticus

Common passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor. Rare summer visitor.

Little Gull

Larus minutus

Rare winter visitor and passage migrant.

Great Black-headed Gull

Larus ichthyaetus

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Black-headed Gull

Larus ridibundus

Abundant passage migrant. Abundant winter visitor.

Slender-billed Gull

Larus genei

Abundant passage migrant. Common winter visitor. Uncommon summer visitor. Has bred.

Common Gull

Larus canus

Scarce winter visitor.

Lesser Black-backed Gull

Larus fuscus

Very common passage migrant. Common winter visitor.

Siberian Gull

Larus heuglini

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Yellow-legged Gull

Larus cachinnans

Very common passage migrant. Very common winter visitor. Uncommon summer visitor.

Gull-billed Tern

Gelochelidon nilotica

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Uncommon resident.

Caspian Tern

Sterna caspia

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Scarce resident. Has bred.

Swift Tern

Sterna bergii

Uncommon summer visitor. Scarce resident. Breeds.

Lesser Crested Tern

Sterna bengalensis

Common summer visitor. Scarce resident. Breeds.

Sandwich Tern

Sterna sandvicensis

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Scarce resident.

Common Tern

Sterna hirundo

Common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor.

White-cheeked Tern

Sterna repressa

Very common summer visitor. Rare resident. Breeds.

Bridled Tern

Sterna anaethetus

Very common summer visitor. Scarce resident. Breeds.

Little Tern

Sterna albifrons

Common passage migrant. Rare summer visitor.

Whiskered Tern

Chlidonias hybridus

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

White-winged Black Tern

Chlidonias leucopterus

Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor. Breeds.

Spotted Sandgrouse

Pterocles senegallus

Irregular (has been common) summer visitor. Uncommon disperser in autumn, winter and spring. Has bred.

Black-bellied Sandgrouse

Pterocles orientalis

Uncommon winter visitor. Rare passage migrant.

Pin-tailed Sandgrouse

Pterocles alchata

Irregular (has been common) summer visitor. Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Has bred.

Rock Dove

Columba livia

Abundant resident (Feral Pigeons, Tumbling Pigeons, etc). Breeds.

Woodpigeon

Columba palumbus

Rare disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

Collared Dove

Streptopelia decaocto

Very common resident. Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Breeds.

Turtle Dove

Streptopelia turtur

Very common passage migrant. Rare summer visitor. Rare winter visitor. Has bred.

Laughing Dove

Streptopelia senegalensis

Abundant resident. Breeds.

Namaqua Dove

Oena capensis

Uncommon resident. Scarce disperser in spring and autumn.

Ring-necked Parakeet

Psittacula krameri

Very common winter visitor. Uncommon resident.

Cuckoo

Cuculus canorus

Uncommon passage migrant.

Barn Owl

Tyto alba

Scarce disperser in spring and autumn.

Scops Owl

Otus scops

Common passage migrant.

Eagle Owl

Bubo bubo

Scarce resident. Breeds.

Little Owl

Athene noctua

Uncommon resident. Breeds.

Short-eared Owl

Asio flammeus

Scarce passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.

Nightjar

Caprimulgus europaeus

Common passage migrant. Rare summer visitor.

Egyptian Nightjar

Caprimulgus aegyptius

Common passage migrant. Rare summer visitor. Rare winter visitor.

Swift

Apus apus

Abundant passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Pallid Swift

Apus pallidus

Very common passage migrant. Common summer visitor. Common winter visitor. Breeds.

Alpine Swift

Apus melba

Scarce passage migrant.

White-breasted Kingfisher

Halcyon smyrnensis

Uncommon winter visitor. Scarce resident. Breeds.

Kingfisher

Alcedo atthis

Scarce winter visitor. Scarce passage migrant.

Pied Kingfisher

Ceryle rudis

Scarce disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

Blue-cheeked Bee-eater

Merops superciliosus

Abundant passage migrant. Rare summer visitor. Has bred.

Bee-eater

Merops apiaster

Abundant passage migrant.

Roller

Coracias garrulus

Common passage migrant.

Indian Roller

Coracias bengalensis

Scarce disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

Hoopoe

Upupa epops

Common passage migrant.

Wryneck

Jynx torquilla

Uncommon passage migrant.

Dunn’s Lark

Eremelauda dunni

Scarce disperser in spring, summer and autumn. Rare disperser in winter.

Bar-tailed Desert Lark

Ammomanes cincturus

Uncommon resident. Breeds.

Desert Lark

Ammomanes deserti

Uncommon resident. Breeds.

Hoopoe Lark

Alaemon alaudipes

Common resident. Uncommon disperser in spring and autumn. Breeds.

Thick-billed Lark

Ramphocoris clotbey

Rare winter visitor.

Bimaculated Lark

Melanocorypha bimaculata

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor. Rare summer visitor. Has bred.

Short-toed Lark

Calandrella brachydactyla

Abundant passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor. Scarce winter visitor. Has bred.

Lesser Short-toed Lark

Calandrella rufescens

Very common passage migrant. Very common winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor. Has bred.

Crested Lark

Galerida cristata

Very common resident. Breeds.

Wood Lark

Lullula arborea

Rare winter visitor and passage migrant.

Small Skylark

Alauda gulgula

Scarce disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

Skylark

Alauda arvensis

Uncommon winter visitor. Uncommon passage migrant.

Temminck’s Horned Lark

Eremophila bilophus

Scarce disperser in autumn, winter and spring. Rare resident. Has bred.

Sand Martin

Riparia riparia

Abundant passage migrant. Uncommon summer visitor. Rare winter visitor.

Crag Martin

Ptyonoprogne rupestris

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Swallow

Hirundo rustica

Abundant passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor.

Red-rumped Swallow

Hirundo daurica

Common passage migrant.

House Martin

Delichon urbica

Abundant passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Tawny Pipit

Anthus campestris

Very common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Olive-backed Pipit

Anthus hodgsoni

Rare winter visitor.

Tree Pipit

Anthus trivialis

Very common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Meadow Pipit

Anthus pratensis

Uncommon passage migrant and winter visitor.

Red-throated Pipit

Anthus cervinus

Very common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Water Pipit

Anthus spinoletta

Common winter visitor. Common passage migrant.

Yellow Wagtail

Motacilla flava

Very common passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor. Rare winter visitor.

Citrine Wagtail

Motacilla citreola

Rare passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Grey Wagtail

Motacilla cinerea

Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.

White Wagtail

Motacilla alba

Abundant winter visitor. Abundant passage migrant.

White-cheeked Bulbul

Pycnonotus leucogenys

Very common resident. Breeds.

Red-vented Bulbul

Pycnonotus cafer

Common resident. Breeds.

Grey Hypocolius

Hypocolius ampelinus

Common passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.

Dunnock

Prunella modularis

Rare winter visitor.

Rufous Bush Robin

Cercotrichas galactotes

Common passage migrant. Uncommon summer visitor. Breeds.

Robin

Erithacus rubecula

Common winter visitor.

Thrush Nightingale

Luscinia luscinia

Uncommon passage migrant.

Nightingale

Luscinia megarhynchos

Uncommon passage migrant.

Bluethroat

Luscinia svecica

Common winter visitor. Common passage migrant.

White-throated Robin

Irania gutturalis

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Eversmann's Redstart

Phoenicurus erythronotus

Rare winter visitor.

Black Redstart

Phoenicurus ochruros

Common passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.

Redstart

Phoenicurus phoenicurus

Very common passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.

Whinchat

Saxicola rubetra

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Stonechat

Saxicola torquata

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Isabelline Wheatear

Oenanthe isabellina

Abundant passage migrant. Common winter visitor.

Wheatear

Oenanthe oenanthe

Abundant passage migrant.

Pied Wheatear

Oenanthe pleschanka

Abundant passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.

Black-eared Wheatear

Oenanthe hispanica

Uncommon passage migrant.

Desert Wheatear

Oenanthe deserti

Abundant passage migrant. Common winter visitor.

Finsch’s Wheatear

Oenanthe finschii

Scarce winter visitor and passage migrant.

Red-tailed Wheatear

Oenanthe xanthoprymna

Scarce passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.

Mourning Wheatear

Oenanthe lugens

Scarce disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

Hooded Wheatear

Oenanthe monacha

Rare disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

White-crowned Black Wheater

Oenanthe leucopyga

Rare disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

Rock Thrush

Monticola saxatilis

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Blue Rock Thrush

Monticola solitarius

Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.

Blackbird

Turdus merula

Scarce winter visitor.

Dark-throated Thrush

Turdus ruficollis

Rare winter visitor.

Fieldfare

Turdus pilaris

Rare winter visitor and passage migrant.

Song Thrush

Turdus philomelos

Common winter visitor. Common passage migrant.

Redwing

Turdus iliacus

Rare winter visitor and passage migrant.

Cetti’s Warbler

Cettia cetti

Uncommon disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

Fan-tailed Warbler

Cisticola juncidis

Rare disperser in autumn, winter and spring.

Graceful Warbler

Prinia gracilis

Common resident. Breeds.

Grasshopper Warbler

Locustella naevia

Scarce passage migrant.

River Warbler

Locustella fluviatilis

Uncommon passage migrant.

Savi’s Warbler

Locustella luscinioides

Uncommon passage migrant.

Moustached Warbler

Acrocephalus melanopogon

Common winter visitor. Common passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor.

Sedge Warbler

Acrocephalus schoenobaenus

Common passage migrant.

Marsh Warbler

Acrocephalus palustris

Common passage migrant.

Reed Warbler

Acrocephalus scirpaceus

Very common passage migrant. Uncommon summer visitor. Rare winter visitor. Breeds.

Clamorous Reed  Warbler

Acrocephalus stentoreus

Common passage migrant. Scarce resident.

Great Reed Warbler

Acrocephalus arundinaceus

Very common passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor. Has bred.

Basra Reed Warbler

Acrocephalus griseldis

Common passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor.

Olivaceous Warbler

Hippolais pallida

Very common passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor. Rare winter visitor.

Syke's Warbler

Hippolais rama

Uncommon passage migrant.

Upcher’s Warbler

Hippolais languida

Very common passage migrant.

Icterine Warbler

Hippolais icterina

Scarce passage migrant.

Ménétries’s Warbler

Sylvia mystacea

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Desert Warbler

Sylvia nana

Common passage migrant. Common winter visitor.

Orphean Warbler

Sylvia hortensis

Uncommon passage migrant.

Barred Warbler

Sylvia nisoria

Uncommon passage migrant.

Lesser Whitethroat

Sylvia curruca

Common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Hume's Lesser Whitethroat

Sylvia althaea

Rare passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Desert Lesser Whitethroat

Sylvia minula

Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.

Whitethroat

Sylvia communis

Very common passage migrant.

Garden Warbler

Sylvia borin

Scarce passage migrant.

Blackcap

Sylvia atricapilla

Very common passage migrant.

Green Warbler

Phylloscopus nitidus

Rare passage migrant.

Wood Warbler

Phylloscopus sibilitrax

Scarce passage migrant.

Mountain Chiffchaff

Phylloscopus sindianus

Rare passage migrant and winter visitor.

Chiffchaff

Phylloscopus collybita

Abundant passage migrant. Abundant winter visitor.

Willow Warbler

Phylloscopus trochilus

Abundant passage migrant.

Spotted Flycatcher

Muscicapa striata

Very common passage migrant.

Red-breasted Flycatcher

Ficedula parva

Scarce passage migrant.

Semi-collared Flycatcher

Ficedula semitorquata

Uncommon passage migrant.

Penduline Tit

Remiz pendulinus

Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Golden Oriole

Oriolus oriolus

Common passage migrant.

Isabelline Shrike

Lanius isabellinus

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor.

Red-backed Shrike

Lanius collurio

Common passage migrant.

Lesser Grey Shrike

Lanius minor

Uncommon passage migrant.

Southern Grey Shrike

Lanius meridionalis

Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Steppe Grey Shrike

Lanius pallidirostris

Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.

Woodchat Shrike

Lanius senator

Common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Masked Shrike

Lanius nubicus

Common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

House Crow

Corvus splendens

Uncommon summer visitor and passage migrant. Breeds.

Brown-necked Raven

Corvus ruficollis

Scarce summer visitor. Scarce resident. Breeds.

Starling

Sturnus vulgaris

Very common winter visitor. Common passage migrant.

Rose-coloured Starling

Sturnus roseus

Scarce passage migrant. Rare summer visitor.

Bank Mynah

Acridotheres ginginianus

Common resident. Breeds.

Common Mynah

Acridotheres tristis

Very common resident. Breeds.

House Sparrow

Passer domesticus

Abundant resident. Breeds.

Spanish Sparrow

Passer hispaniolensis

Very common winter visitor. Irregular (has been common) summer visitor. Has bred.

Pale Rock Sparrow

Petronia brachydactyla

Uncommon passage migrant. Rare summer visitor. Has bred.

Yellow-throated Sparrow

Petronia xanthocollis

Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor. Breeds.

Indian Silverbill

Euodice malabarica

Uncommon resident.

Chaffinch

Fringilla coelebs

Rare winter visitor.

Brambling

Fringilla montifringilla

Rare winter visitor.

Goldfinch

Carduelis carduelis

Rare winter visitor.

Siskin

Carduelis spinus

Rare winter visitor.

Linnet

Carduelis cannabina

Rare winter visitor.

Trumpeter Finch

Bucanetes githagineus

Scarce disperser in all seasons.

Common Rosefinch

Carpodacus erythrinus

Uncommon passage migrant.

Cinereous Bunting

Emberiza cineracea

Scarce passage migrant.

Ortolan Bunting

Emberiza hortulana

Common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.

Little Bunting

Emberiza pusilla

Rare passage migrant and winter visitor.

Reed Bunting

Emberiza schoeniclus

Rare winter visitor.

Black-headed Bunting

Emberiza melanocephala

Rare passage migrant.

Corn Bunting

Miliaria calandra

Common winter visitor. Uncommon passage migrant.

 

THE VAGRANT SPECIES OF BIRDS


The Vagrant Species of Birds are those species that are judged to have occurred fewer than 10 times in total, with each record supported by a written description available to BMAPT, acceptable by modern standards.

 

If new species are supported by acceptable descriptions, then they will be added to this list.

 

Common Name

Scientific Name

Slavonian Grebe

Podiceps auritus

Pygmy Cormorant

Phalacrocorax pygmeus

Black Stork

Ciconia nigra

Sacred Ibis

Threskiornis aethiopicus

Red-breasted Merganser

Mergus serrator

Sooty Falcon

Falco concolor

Black Francolin

Francolinus francolinus (caveat escapes)

Knot

Calidris canutus

Spur-winged Plover

Hoplopterus spinosus

Woodcock

Scolopax rusticola

Slender-billed Curlew

Numenius tenuirostris

Grey Phalarope

Phalaropus fulicarius

Long-tailed Skua

Stercorarius longicaudus

Mediterranean Gull

Larus melanocephalus

Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse

Pterocles exustus

Rufous Turtle Dove

Streptopelia orientalis

Great Spotted Cuckoo

Clamator glandarius

Long-eared Owl

Asio otus

Calandra Lark

Melanocorypha calandra

Richard's Pipit

Anthus richardi

Yellow-vented Bulbul

Pycnonotus xanthopygos (caveat escapes)

Wren

Troglodytes troglodytes

Black-throated Accentor

Prunella atrogularis

Ring Ouzel

Turdus torquatus

Dusky Thrush

Turdus naumanni

Olive-tree Warbler

Hippolais olivetorum

Yellow-browed Warbler

Phylloscopus inornatus

Hume's Yellow-browed Warbler

Phylloscopus humei

Bearded Tit

Panurus biarmicus (caveat escapes)

Common Babbler

Turdoides caudatus (caveat escapes)

Black Drongo

Dicrurus macrocercus (caveat escapes)

Rook

Corvus frugilegus

Dead Sea Sparrow

Passer moabiticus

Rock Bunting

Emberiza cia

Rustic Bunting

Emberiza rustica

Red-headed Bunting

Emberiza bruniceps  (caveat escapes)

 

THE SPECIES OF BIRDS REQUIRING CONFIRMATION

 

The Species of Birds Requiring Confirmation are those species which have been published as occurring in Kuwait, but which require confirmation because:

 

1.      no description was written for any record,

2.      no description is available for adjudication of any record by BMAPT,

3.      one or more descriptions are available to BMAPT, but are judged not to be acceptable by modern standards, or

4.      the identification was not claimed or listed as completely certain.

 

 

Common Name

Scientific Name

Persian Shearwater

Puffinus (lherminieri) persicus

Red-billed Tropicbird

Phaeton aethereus

African Darter

Anhinga rufa

Indian Pond Heron

Ardeola grayii

Goliath Heron

Ardea goliath

Lesser White-fronted Goose

Anser erythropus

Long-tailed Duck

Clangula hyemalis

Common Scoter

Melanitta nigra

Velvet Scoter

Melanitta fusca

Red Kite

Milvus milvus

Eleonora’s Falcon

Falco eleonorae

Golden Plover

Pluvialis apricaria

Purple Sandpiper

Calidris maritima

Armenian Gull

Larus armenicus

Great Black-backed Gull

Larus marinus

Kittiwake

Rissa tridactyla

Roseate Tern

Sterna dougalli

Saunders’s Tern

Sterna saundersi

Black Tern

Chlidonias niger

Stock Dove

Columba oenas

Striated Scops Owl

Otus brucei

Tawny Owl

Strix aluco

Hume’s Tawny Owl

Strix butleri

Little Swift

Apus affinis

Little Green Bee-eater

Merops orientalis

African Rock Martin

Ptyonoprogne fuligula

Long-billed Pipit

Anthus similis

Güldenstädt’s Redstart

Phoenicurus erythrogaster

Blackstart

Cercomela melanura

Eastern Pied Wheatear

Oenanthe picata

Hume’s Wheatear

Oenanthe alboniger

Mistle Thrush

Turdus viscivorus

Scrub Warbler

Scotocerca inquieta

Paddyfield Warbler

Acrocephalus agricola

Blyth’s Reed Warbler

Acrocephalus dumetorum

Melodious Warbler

Hippolais polyglotta

 

 

Common Name

Scientific Name

Spectacled Warbler

Sylvia conspicillata

Subalpine Warbler

Sylvia cantillans

Sardinian Warbler

Sylvia melanocephala

Cyprus Warbler

Sylvia melanothorax

Rüppell’s Warbler

Sylvia rueppelli

Bonelli’s Warbler

Phylloscopus bonelli

Radde’s Warbler

Phylloscopus schwarzi

Dusky Warbler

Phylloscopus fuscatus

Collared Flycatcher

Ficedula albicollis

Pied Flycatcher

Ficedula hypoleuca

Iraq Babbler

Turdoides altirostris

Hooded Crow

Corvus corone cornix

Arabian Golden Sparrow

Passer euchlorus

Serin

Serinus serinus

Yellowhammer

Emberiza citrinella

House Bunting

Emberiza striolata

Cretzschmar’s Bunting

Emberiza caesia

 

THE SPECIES OF BIRDS OF CAPTIVE ORIGIN

 

The Species of Birds of Captive Origin are those species whose occurrence is judged to involve only deliberately released or escaped individuals of species which have bred or been recorded in the wild elsewhere in the OSME region.

 

Common Name

Scientific Name

Chukar

Alectoris chukar

See-see Partridge

Ammoperdix griseogularis

Grey Crowned Crane

Balearica regulorum

African Collared Dove (inc. Barbary Dove)

Streptopelia roseogrisea

Alexandrine Parakeet

Psittacula eupatria

Budgerigar

Melopsittacus undulatus

Brahminy Mynah

Sturnus pagodarum

Zebra Waxbill

Amandava subflava

 


NOTES ON SELECTED BIRD SPECIES IN THE YEAR 2001

Theses notes are based on the bird records of S.Al-Ahmadi, M.Al-Jeriwi, F.Al-Mansori, K.Al-Nasrallah, A. Al-Sarhan, A.Al-Suraye’a, A.Bailey, M.O.Chichester, G.Dallemagne, G.Gregory, , G.Ostero, E.Ramadan, P.Robertson, G.Rowlands, O.Schroeder, S.Schroeder M. Shihab and S.T.Spencer, from a variety of sources, either submitted to BMAPT or in the public domain.

Little Grebe                                    Tachybaptus ruficollis

Maximum 3 at South Doha Nature Reserve on 12.3.2001.

 

Cormorant                                      Phalacrocorax carbo

Maximum 1200 at Sulaibikhat Bay on 26.12.2001.

 

Socotra Cormorant                         Phalacrocorax nigrogularis

Recorded from 8.2.2001 to 7.9.2001 with maximum of 10 at Al-Zour on 3.8.2001.

 

Pygmy Cormorant                          Phalacrocorax pygmeus

Two at Jahra East Outfall on 10.3.2001 (first record for Kuwait).

 

Bittern                                             Botaurus stellaris

Maximum two (one dead) at Sabah Al-Salem on 31.12.2001.

 

Little Bittern                                   Ixobrychus minutus

One flushed from reeds at Jahra East Outfall on 1.6.2001 was a possible breeder.

 

Night Heron                                   Nycticorax nycticorax

Two flushed from reeds at Jahra East Outfall on 1.6.2001 were possible breeders.

 

 

Squacco Heron                              Ardeola ralloides

Maximum 12 at Sabah Al-Salem on 29.3.2001. 6 flushed from reeds at Jahra East Outfall on 1.6.2001 were possible breeders.

 

Cattle Egret                                 Bubulcus ibis

Maximum 9 at Jahra Farms on 2.2.2001 and at Khor Ala’ma on 31.8.2001.

 

Western Reef Heron                       Egretta gularis

4 pairs were found nesting on a wrecked ship in the Bubiyan Channel in March 2001.

 

Little Egret                                      Egretta garzetta

Maximum 13 at Wafra Oil Field on 27.3.2001.

 

Great White Egret                           Egretta alba

Maximum 17 at Jahra Bay on 5.4.2001

 

Grey Heron                                      Ardea cinerea

Maximum 150 at Sulaibikhat Bay on 26.12.2001. 9 pairs were found nesting on a wrecked ship in the Bubiyan Channel in March 2001.

 

Purple Heron                                    Ardea purpurea

Maximum 15 at Al-Zour on 7.9.2001.

 

Black Stork                                      Ciconia nigra

One shot at Al-Abraq Al-Khabari on 2.11.2001.

 

 

White Stork                                      Ciconia ciconia

One found dead at Jahra East Outfall on 14.9.2001.

 

Glossy Ibis                                       Plegadis falcinellus

Maximum 8 at Al-Zour on 14.4.20001.

 

Spoonbill                                               Platalea leucorodia

Maximum two at Sulaibikhat Bay on 8.3.2001, 5.4.2001 and 4.10.2001.

 

Greater Flamingo                              Phoenicopterus ruber

Maximum 3000 at Sulaibikhat Bay on 8.2.2001. An inland record of one at Wafra Oil Field on 27.3.2001.

 

Greylag Goose                                  Anser anser

3 at Sulaibikhat Bay on 18.1.2001, one at Jahra East Outfall on 26.3.2001 and one shot at Ratqa on 17.11.2001.

 

Ruddy Shelduck                                Tadorna ferruginea

One at Sulaibikhat Bay on 5.3.2001.

 

Shelduck                                           Tadorna tadorna

Maximum 146 at Sulaibikhat Bay on 18.1.2001.

 

Wigeon                                              Anas penelope

Maximum 15+ at Jahra Pool Area on 4.1.2001.

 

Gadwall                                                   Anas strepera

Maximum 2+ at Jahra Pool Area on 4.1.2001.

Teal                                                    Anas crecca

Maximum 6 at Jahra East Outfall on 19.10.2001.

 

Mallard                                              Anas platyrhynchos

Maximum 7 at South Doha Nature Reserve on 19.3.2001.

 

Pintail                                                Anas acuta

Maximum 4 at Sabah Al-Salem on 30.11.2001.

 

Garganey                                           Anas querquedula

Maximum 23 at South Doha Nature Reserve on 19.3.2001.

 

Shoveler                                             Anas clypeata

Maximum 65+ at Sulaibikhat Bay on 8.2.2001.

 

Marbled Teal                                     Marmaronetta angustirostris

Four flew off north-east at Sabah Al-Salem on 9.2.2001.

 

Tufted Duck                                            Aythya fuligula

Maximum two at Sabah Al-Salem on 15.10.2001.

 

Honey Buzzard                                  Pernis apivorus

Maximum 3 at Bneid Al-Gar on 17.4.2001.

 

Egyptian Vulture                                Neophron percnopterus

Singles at Qaisat on 26.3.2001 and at Jahra East Outfall on 14.9.2001.

 

Griffon Vulture                                  Gyps fulvus

One on 11.3.2001, two on 27.4.2001 and up to 5 during November 2001, all in the National Park.

 

Goshawk                                             Accipiter gentilis

A female on Failaka Island on 8.2.2001.

 

Shikra                                                 Accipiter badius

An adult male at Mishref on 7.12.2001.

 

Levant Sparrowhawk                         Accipiter brevipes

An immature at Shaab on 4.10.2001.

 

Bonelli’s Eagle                                   Hieraaetus fasciatus

One in the National Park on 23.11.2001.

 

Merlin                                                Falco columbarius

A female of the subspecies pallidus captured for falconry at Ratqa in November 2001.

 

Hobby                                                      Falco subbuteo

Maximum 5 at Sabah Al-Salem on 17.4.2001.

 

Peregrine Falcon                                Falco peregrinus

One roosted on a tall bank building at Mirqab for most of the year.

 

Barbary Falcon                                   Falco pelegrinoides

One at Al-Abraq Al-Khabari on 19.5.2001.

Black Francolin                                  Francolinus francolinus

A male in the coastal section of the National Park on 14.3.2001 (first Kuwait record).

 

Water Rail                                           Rallus aquaticus

Maximum 4 at Jahra Pool on 20.3.2001.

 

Spotted Crake                                      Porzana porzana

Maximum 5+ at Sabah Al-Salem on 29.3.2001.

 

Little Crake

Maximum 7 at Sabah Al-Salem on 16.2.2001, when definite breeding was discovered there (first breeding record for Kuwait).

 

Purple Gallinule                                        Porphyrio porphyrio

One at Sabah Al-Salem on 29.12.2001.

 

Coot                                                      Fulica atra

Maximum 23 at South Doha Nature Reserve on 9.2.2001. An inland record of one dead at Wafra Oil Field on 14.11.2001.

 

Common Crane                                    Grus grus

One at Sulaibikhat Bay from January through March. Two shot at Habari Al-Awazen on 17.2.2001.

 

Grey Crowned Crane                           Balearica regulorum

One shot and captured at Al-Zour in September 2001 presumably originated from the feral colony in the U.A.E.

 

 

Houbara Bustard                                  Chlamydotis undulata

One killed by a falcon at Al-Abraq Al-Khabari on 3.9.2001.

 

Oystercatcher                                       Haemotopus ostralegus

Maximum 154 at Jahra Bay on 21.3.2001.

 

Black-winged Stilt                               Himantopus himantopus

Maximum 26 at Jahra East Outfall on 22.3.2001.

 

Avocet                                                  Recurvirostra avosetta

Maximum 40 at Sulaibikhat Bay on 14.9.2001.

 

Crab Plover                                           Dromas ardeola

Maximum 450 at Sulaibikhat Bay on 4.10.2001.

 

Cream-coloured Courser                       Cursorius cursor

Maximum 11 at Khor Ala’ma on 20.7.2001.

 

Collared Pratincole                                Glareola pratincola

Maximum 37 at Jahra East Outfall on 26.3.2001.

 

Black-winged Pratincole                       Glareola nordmanni

Maximum 3 found dead at Bubiyan Bridge on 3.5.2001.

 

Little Ringed Plover                              Charadrius dubius

Maximum 11 at Sabah Al-Salem on 16.3.2001

 

Ringed Plover                                       Charadrius hiaticula

Maximum 28 at Sabah Al-Salem on 28.12.2001.

 

Lesser Sand Plover                               Charadrius mongolus

Maximum 50 at Sabah Al-Salem on 28.12.2001.

 

Greater Sand Plover                             Charadrius leschenaultii

Maximum 450 at Sabah Al-Salem on 31.12.2001. One pair bred again at Sabah Al-Salem, with two chicks observed on 12.5.2001.

 

Pacific Golden Plover                           Pluvialis fulva

3 at Jahra Bay on 21.3.2001 and one at Sulaibikhat Bay on 14.9.2001.

 

Grey Plover                                                Pluvialis squatarola

Maximum 120+ at Sulaibikhat Bay on 5.3.2001.

 

Red-wattled Plover                               Hoplopterus indicus

Two at Jahra Bay on 21.3.2001 and one in the National Park on 22.12.2001.

 

Lapwing                                                         Vanellus vanellus

One at Sulaibiya on 16.11.2001, one at Wafra Road on 18.11.2001 and 2 at Sabah Al-Salem on 30.11.2001.

 

Sanderling                                              Calidris alba

Maximum 60 at Sabah Al-Salem on 16.3.2001.

 

Little Stint                                              Calidris minuta

Maximum 60 at Ras Subiya on 3.5.2001.

Temminck’s Stint                                  Calidris temminckii

Maximum 4 at Sabah Al-Salem on 28.12.2001.

 

Curlew Sandpiper                                  Calidris ferruginea

Maximum 25+ at Sabah Al-Salem on 30.4.2001.

 

Dunlin                                                    Calidris alpina

Maximum 1200 at Jahra Bay on 19.3.2001.

 

Ruff                                                        Philomachus pugnax

Maximum 37 at Jahra Pool on 30.3.2001.

 

Common Snipe                                      Gallinago gallinago

Maximum 20+ at Jahra Pool on 28.2.2001.

 

Woodcock                                              Scolopax rusticola

One at Jahra Pool on 23.11.2001, then one (possibly same bird) at Sabah Al-Salem from 24.12.2001 onwards.

 

Bar-tailed Godwit                                  Limosa lapponica

Maximum 300+ at Sulaibikhat Bay on 5.3.2001.

 

Whimbrel                                              Numenius phaeopus

Maximum 55 at N.W.Road on 18.4.2001.

 

Curlew                                                  Numenius arquata

Maximum 300+ at Sulaibikhat Bay on 3.3.2001.

Spotted Redshank                                   Tringa erythropus

Maximum 3 at Jahra Bay on 21.3.2001.

 

Redshank                                                 Tringa totantus

Maximum 250+ at Sulaibikhat Bay on 5.3.2001.

 

Greenshank                                              Tringa nebularia

Maximum 18 at Khor Al-Mufateh on 4.8.2001.

 

Green Sandpiper                                        Tringa ochropus

Maximum 8+ at Jahra Pool on 28.2.2001.

 

Wood Sandpiper                                      Tringa glareola

Maximum18 at Sewer Plant Reeds on 14.4.2001.

 

Terek Sanpiper                                         Xenus cinereus

Maximum 80+ at Sulaibikhat Bay on 5.3.2001.

 

Common Sandpiper                                    Actitis hypoleucos

Maximum 3 at Al-Zour on 11.5.2001 and at Sulaibiya on 14.9.2001.

 

Turnstone                                                         Arenaria interpres

Maximum 150 at Jahra Bay on 21.3.2001.

 

Red-necked Phalarope                           Phalaropus lobatus

Maximum 22 at Jahra Bay on 30.3.2001.

 

Great Black-headed Gull                        Larus icthyaetus

Maximum 542 at Doha on 12.3.2001.

 

Common Gull                                         Larus canus

Singles at Jahra Bay on 2.1.2001, 19.3.2001 and (possibly same bird) at Jahra Pool on 26.3.2001.

 

Gull-billed Tern                                      Gelochelidon nilotica

Maximum 16 at Jahra Pool on 20.3.2001. Inland records included 9 at Wafra Oil Field on 27.3.2001 and 3 in the National Park on 6.4.2001.

 

Caspian Tern                                                Sterna caspia

Maximum 120 at Sulaibikhat Bay on 14.9.2001.

 

Swift Tern                                               Sterna bergii

Maximum 7 at Al-Zour on 11.1.2001.

 

Lesser Crested Tern                               Sterna bengalensis

Maximum c600 on Kubbar Island, breeding, on 9.6.2001.

 

Sandwich Tern                                      Sterna sandvicensis

Maximum 20 at Al-Zour on 15.3.2001.

 

Common Tern                                       Sterna hirundo

Maximum two at Saqr Harbour on 26.4.2001.

 

White-cheeked Tern                              Sterna repressa

Maximum c4000 at Kubbar Island, mostly breeding, on 9.6.2001.

Bridled Tern                                          Sterna anaethetus

Maximum c4000 at Kubbbar Island, breeding, on 9.6.2001.

 

Little Tern                                                  Sterna albifrons

Maximum 20 at Dai’ya on 13.4.2001.

 

Whiskered Tern                                        Chlidonias hybridus

Maximum 12 at Shaab on 4.10.2001.

 

White-winged Black Tern                      Chlidonias leucopterus

Maximum  10+ at Shaab on 20.9.2001. Found breeding at Jahra East Outfall on 25.5.2001; two pairs eventually raised one juvenile each.

 

Black-bellied Sandgrouse                         Pterocles orientalis

7 at Ratqa on 17.12.2001.

 

Spotted Sandgrouse                                  Pterocles senegallus

Hundreds shot in North-West Demilitarized Zone in February, preventing breeding for the first time since 1994.

 

Pin-tailed Sandgrouse                              Pterocles alchata

Hundreds shot in North-West Demilitarized Zone in February, preventing breeding for the first time since 1994.

 

African Collared Dove                             Streptopelia roseogrisea

One, presumed escaped, at Salmiya in spring 2001.

One pair of Barbary Doves found breeding at Wafra on 31.5.2001.

 

Collared Dove                                          Streptopelia decaocto

Maximum 38 at Jahra Farms on 19.3.2001.

 

Rufous Turtle Dove                                  Streptopelia orientalis

A group of 6 at Sulaibiya on 1.10.2001, of which one juvenile/1Y was wounded and captured, proving to be of subspecies meena.

 

Namaqua Dove                                         Oena capensis

Another increase in records during the year. On 26.3.2001, one male at Sulaibikhat Bay and one male and two females at Qaisat. One male south at Jebel Benayeh on 30.3.2001. One male and one female at Sabah Al-Salem on 30.4.2001. Singles at Al-Zour on 11.5.2001, at Wafra on 31.5.2001 and at Al-Zour on 26.7.2001. One female at South Doha Nature Reserve on 3.11.2001. Two at Salwa on 8.11.2001.

 

Alexandrine Parakeet                               Psittacula eupatria

One at Shaab on 20.9.2001.

 

Cuckoo                                                     Cuculus canorus

One hepatic female was at Al-Zour on 3.5.2001.

 

Little Owl                                                 Athene noctua

Maximum 5+ at Jal Az-Zor on 4.1.2001.

 

Eagle Owl                                               Bubo bubo

Recorded several times at Wadi Ar-Rimam and at Jal Az-Zor in National Park in March and June 2001, with a used nest with pellets found.

 

Long-eared Owl                                     Asio otus

One found dead at Sabriya on 26.12.2001.

 

Egyptian Nightjar                                  Caprimulgus aegyptius

Summer records were 1+ in National Park on 7.6.2001, and singles at Al-Zour on 15.7.2001 and (probably same bird) 16.7.2001.

 

Alpine Swift                                           Apus melba

Two at Qaisat on 26.3.2001 and 10 at Jahra Park on 26.3.2001.

 

White-breasted Kingfisher                     Halcyon smyrnensis

One pair found breeding at Jahra Farms on 4.5.2001, with 3 young raised later.

 

Kingfisher                                               Alcedo atthis

One at Shaab on 28.9.2001.

 

Pied Kingfisher                                       Ceryle rudis

Singles at Sulaibikhat Bay on 4.1.2001 and at Bneid Al-Gar on 12.2.2001.

 

Indian Roller                                           Coracias benghalensis

Singles at Jahra Farms on 4.1.2001 and 2.2.2001, and two there on 9.11.2001.

 

Hoopoe                                                    Upupa epops

Maximum 12 at Al-Zour on 20.9.2001.

 

Black-crowned Finch Lark                      Eremopterix nigriceps

Found breeding at Wafra Farms on 31.5.2001, with 10+ birds in a small colony. Otherwise recorded from February to May and from September to October at Wafra Oil Field, and from July to August at Sewer Plant Reeds.

 

 

Bar-tailed Desert Lark                             Ammomanes cincturus

Maximum 6 in North-West Kuwait on 25.1.2001 and in National Park on 23.11.2001.

 

Desert Lark                                             Ammomanes deserti

Maximum 5 in National Park on 24.3.2001.

 

Bimaculated Lark                                   Melanocorypha bimaculata

Maximum 18 in National Park on 10.3.2001.

 

Short-toed Lark                                      Calandrella brachydactyla

Maximum 500 (with 3 singing) in National Park on 15.2.2001. One pair found breeding at Jahra East Outfall on 28.5.2001, with two newly-fledged juveniles observed. Also found breeding in National Park on 7.6.2001, with three newly-fledged juveniles observed. Additionally, two were singing at Wafra Oil Field on 6.4.2001, so may breed more widely.

 

Lesser Short-toed Lark                          Calandrella rufescens

Maximum 70 at Ras Subiya on 7.12.2001. Found breeding in National Park on 7.6.2001, with one newly fledged juvenile observed.

 

Crested Lark                                           Galerida cristata

Maximum 13 in North-West Kuwait on 25.1.2001.

 

Small Skylark                                        Alauda gulgula

One at Jahra Pool Area on 19.10.2001. Probably under-recorded.

 

Temminck’s Horned Lark                      Eremophila bilopha

Maximum 22+ in National Park on 10.3.2001.

 

 

Crag Martin                                            Ptyonoprogne rupestris

One at Wafra Oil Field on 5.12.2001.

 

Tawny Pipit                                            Anthus campestris

Maximum 7 at Wafra Oil Field on 31.10.2001.

 

Meadow Pipit                                        Anthus pratensis

Maximum 10 at Sabah Al-Salem on 25.1.2001.

 

Citrine Wagtail                                     Motacilla citreola

Singles at Jahra Pool on 28.2.2001 and at Sulaibiya on 14.9.2001.

 

White-cheeked Bulbul                          Pycnonotus leucogenys

Maximum 17 at Al-Zour on 2.11.2001.

 

Grey Hypocolius                                   Hypocolius ampelinus

Singles at Jahra Gardens on 4.1.2001 and Salwa on 3.2.2001, 5 at Sabah Al-Salem on 29.3.2001, 3 at Al-Zour on 30.3.2001, 9 at Wafra Oil Field on 12.4.2001, and 20 at Shaab on 23.11.2001.

 

Dunnock                                                Prunella modularis

One at Sulaibiya on 1.2.2001.

 

Rufous Bush Robin                               Cercotriches galactotes

Found breeding at Abdali Farms on 17.5.2001, with 18+ birds, including two fledglings, observed.

 

 

Bluethroat                                              Luscinia svecica

Maximum 12 at Sabah Al-Salem on 30.11.2001.

 

Eversmann’s Redstart                            Phoenicurus erythronotus

One female at Mishref on 16.2.2001.

 

Black Redstart                                        Phoenicurus ochruros

Maximum 4 at Jahra Farms on 25.5.2001.

 

Stonechat                                                Saxicola torquata

Maximum 20+ at Jahra Pool on 28.2.2001.

 

Wheatear                                               Oenanthe oenanthe

Maximum 14 in National Park on 13.3.2001.

 

Pied Wheatear                                      Oenanthe pleschanka

Maximum 13 at Khor Mufateh on 23.3.2001.

 

Hooded Wheatear                                 Oenanthe monacha

Singles in National Park on 10.3.2001 and (probably same bird) 13.3.2001.

 

Song Thrush                                         Turdus philomelos

Maximum 15 at Jahra Farms on 2.2.2001.

 

Graceful Warbler                                  Prinia gracilis

Maximum 15 at South Doha Nature Reserve on 3.5.2001.

 

Moustached Warbler                            Acrocephalus melanopogon

Two singing at South Doha Nature Reserve on 9.2.2001 and c5 at Jahra East Outfall on 1.6.2001 were possibly breeding.

 

Reed Warbler                                        Acrocephalus scirpaceus

3 singing at Jahra East Outfall on 23.3.2001, two singing at Sabah Al-Salem on 14.5.2001 and 7 at Jahra East Outfall were possibly breeding.

 

Basra Reed Warbler                             Acrocephalus griseldis

Two singing at South Doha Nature Reserve on 9.3.2001, one there on 3.5.2001 and one carrying food at Jahra East Outfall on 25.5.2001 were possibly breeding.

 

Olivaceous Warbler                             Hippolais pallida

Maximum 8, including three pairs visiting possible nest sites and one singing, at Abdali Farms on 17.5.2001.

 

Orphean Warbler                                  Sylvia hortensis

Singles in National Park on 24.3.2001 and at Wafra on 25.3.2001. Probably under-recorded.

 

Mountain Chiffchaff                             Phylloscopus sindianus

One possible individual of this difficult taxon seen at Jahra Farms on 23.11.2001.

 

Red-breasted Flycatcher                        Ficedula parva

One at Rumaithiya on 31.10.2001 and two at Wafra Oil Field on 13.11.2001.

 

Common Babbler                                   Turdoides caudatus

One remained at Al-Zour all year.

 

House Crow                                            Corvus splendens

Maximum 8 at Shuwaikh in 11.9.2001.

 

Brown-necked Raven                             Corvus ruficollis

One found dead near Bubiyan Bridge on 3.5.2001 was outside the usual breeding area in the National Park.

 

Rose-coloured Starling                           Sturnus roseus

One male and one female at Al-Abraq Al-Khabari on 31.5.2001 and (probably same birds) 26.6.2001. Singles at Wafra Oil Field on 5.6.2001 and 6.8.2001. One juvenile at Sulaibiya on 14.9.2001.

 

Bank Mynah                                            Acridotheres ginginianus

Breeding colony of c100 pairs found in wells at Jahra Farms on 11.5.2001. Eventually c300 juveniles fledged.

 

Spanish Sparrow                                    Passer hispaniolensis

A colony of c60 pure pairs bred in National Park, commercing nest-building in February and finishing in April. About 200 young fledged. Also c10 hybrid Spanish x House Sparrow pairs bred nearby, producing c30 juveniles. Other records in late spring included 6 at Abdali Farms on 17.5.2001 and one at Wafra Oil Field on 11.6.2001.

 

Yellow-throated Sparrow                       Petronia xanthocolli

One early migrant at Salwa on 3.4.2001. Found breeding at Al-Zour on 4.5.2001 and at Jahra Farms on 25.5.2001. Maximum 9 at Al-Zour on 31.8.2001.

 

Indian Silverbill                                     Euodice malabarica

One at Sabah Al-Salem on 30.3.2001, 7 at Al-Zour on 31.5.2001 and 20 at Doha on 29.11.2001. Probably under-recorded.

 

 

Chaffinch                                               Fringilla coelebs

Maximum 6 at Jahra Farms on 16.11.2001.

 

Goldfinch                                              Carduelis carduelis

One at Jahra Farms on 23.11.2001

 

Siskin                                                               Carduelis spinus

Maximum 3 at Fahaheel on 23.12.2001.

 

Trumpeter Finch                                   Bucanetes githagineus

Two at Jal Az-Zor on 1.1.2001, two males and two females there on 4.1.2001, and one at Wafra Oil Field on 16.6.2001.

 

Common Rosefinch                              Carpodacus erythrinus

Maximum 4 at Jahra Gardens on 23.9.2001.

 

Cinereous Bunting                               Emberiza cineracea

One in National Park on 28.3.2001.

 

Ortolan Bunting                                  Emberiza hortulana

Maximum 18+ at Sabah Al-Salem on 26.4.2001.

 

Little Bunting                                     Emberiza pusilla

Singles at Sabah Al-Salem on 11.10.2001 and at Al-Zour on 7.12.2001.

 

Reed Bunting                                     Emberiza schoeniculus

One female/juvenile at Jahra East Outfall on 19.10.2001.

Black-headed Bunting                       Emberiza melanocephala

Two, not adult males, at Al-Abraq Al-Khabari on 2.8.2001.

 

Corn Bunting                                       Miliaria calandra

Maximum 30+ at Jahra Pool Area on 4.1.2001.

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RECENT BIBLIOGRAPHY

Al-JERIWI, M. and Al-MANSOORI, F. (2001) Colonial breeding of Spanish Sparrow in Kuwait. Phoenix 18:7

AL-NASRALLAH, K. and AL-AHMED, M.S. (2001) New records of Herons nesting in Kuwait. Phoenix 18:5.

COWAN, P.J. and BROWN, G.M. (2001) Prostrate desert gourd plants as apparent cooling sites for larks in heat of day. Sandgrouse 23(1): 59-60.

GASKELL, J., AL-NARALLAH, K., GREGORY, G. and ROBERSTON, P. (2001) White-throated Kingfisher - A New Breeding Species for Arabia. Phoenix 18:2.

GREGORY, G. (2001) Recent Breeding Data from Kuwait. Phoenix 18: 8-9.

GREGORY, G. and AL-NASRALLAH, K. (2001) The establishment of Bank Mynah Acridotheres gininianus as a breeding species in Kuwait. Sandgrouse 23(2): 134-138.

GREGORY, G., ROBERTSON, P. and THOMAS, B. (2001) Reduction of bird shooting in Kuwait. Sandgrouse 23(1): 34-38.

REED, M. and CROSS, T. (2001) The first Dunnock Prunella modularis in Kuwait. Sandgrouse 23(1): 61-62.

ROWLANDS, G. (2001) Little Crake – A New Breeding Species for Kuwait. Phoenix 18:20.